The present continuous tense (also called the present progressive tense) is commonly used in English for actions happening right now, or in the future.

Forming The Present Continuous Tense
This tense is formed using two components: the verb BE (in the present tense), and the -ING form of a verb. Here are the rules, using the example verb "sing":
Subject BE -ING FORM
I am singing
You are singing
He is singing
She is singing
It is singing
We are singing
They are singing

How To Make The -ING Form
With many verbs, the you can simply add -ING to the end of the verb. However, with some verbs, you need to change the ending a little. Here are the rules:
Verb ending in... How to make the -ING form Examples
1 vowel + 1 consonant Double the consonant, then add -ING
swim - swimming
hit - hitting
get - getting
1 vowel + 1 consonant + E Remove E, then add -ING
come - coming
lose - losing
live - living
[anything else] Add -ING
say - saying
go - going
walk - walking

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