Amerikan BullDog


Temel Özellikleri
Amerikan Bulldog, İngiliz ırkdaşına göre daha çevik ve hareketlidir. Bazıları 2 metre veya daha fazla yükseğe sıçrayabilmektedirler. Koca bir başı, güçlü çeneleri, kaslı bir görüntüsü vardır. Bu iri cüsseye rağmen sanki ayaklarının üzerinde dans ediyor gibidir. Erkekler gözle görülür şekilde dişilerden güçlü ve kaslıdır.

American Bulldog eğer yeterince dolaştırılıp antrenman yaptırılabiliyorsa apartmanda yaşayabilir. Fakat bahçeli bir ev daha çok tercih edilir.

Kısa ve sert tüylü olduğu için bakımı kolaydır. Uygun bir tel fırça veya tarakla fırçalanabilir. çok sık yıkamaya gerek yoktur. Uzun tüylülere göre bakımı daha kolaydır.

Neler Yapar?
Genellikle insanlara karşı mahcup, sıkılgan ve sakin yapılıdır. ---cög---u zaman diğer köpeklere karşı da iyi huyludur. Saldırganlık konusunda American Stafford Terrier ve American Pitt Bull Terrier' e benzemez. American Bulldog cesur, azimli ve fakat düşmanca düşünceli değildir. Daima uyanık, kendine güvenen ve çocukları içtenlikle seven bir ırktır. Vahşi hayvanlar ve boğalar ile bile dövüşebilir. Hatta dövüşürken sanki ' timsah başlı ve piton vücutlu ' gibidir denir.

Eğitimde çok iyi söz dinler. Gerçekten yiğit, sadık ve sevecendir. Güçlü koruma içgüdüsü ve erken yaşta eğitim alabilme özelliği vardır. Diğer köpeklere ve yabancılara karşı sinirli olabilir. Ailesiyle birlikte olduğunda her zaman mutludur.

Tarihçesi
Bu köpeğin ataları İngiltere'den gelmiştir. English Bulldog ırkının genleri ile oynamayla biraz daha iri vr sert bir köpek üretilmiştir. Bu türetilen köpek English Bulldog' tan daha uzun bacaklı, daha çevik ve daha hızlıdır. American Bulldog ayı, sincap, rakun ve yaban domuzu avcılığı için kullanılmıştır. Sığır çobanlığı ve çiftliklerde bekçiliği başarıyla yerine getirmiştir. Amerikan çiftçileri onu, dayanıklılığı, koruyuculuğu, akıllılığı ve çalışma azmi sayesinde çok sevmişlerdir. Bugün için daha çok avcılık, koruma, ve treking köpeği olarak kullanılmaktadırlar.

özellikleri

Familya: Mastiff, bulldog
Diğer Adları: American Bulldog, Old Country Bulldog, Amerikan Buldog
Rengi: Kahve, Bej, Beyaz tonları, Benekli, Lekeli.
Çıkış Yeri: Amerika
Çıkış Tarihi: Tam olarak bilinmiyor
Orjinal İşlevi: Bekçi, av, koruma
Günümüzdeki İşlevi: Avcılık, koruma, trekking, arkadaş
Ortalama Ömür: 14-16 yıl
Kilo Erkek/Kilo Dişi: 32-54/27-45 kg

Boy Erkek/Boy Dişi: 55-70/52-65 cm

Bulldog Description in EnglishA bulldog is the common name for a breed of dog also referred to as the English bulldog or British Bulldog. Other bulldog breeds include the American bulldog and the French bulldog. The bulldog is a muscular heavy dog with a wrinkled face and a distinctive pushed-in nose. The American Kennel Club (AKC), The Kennel Club (UK) and the United Kennel Club (UKC) oversee breeding standards.

Apperance

The bulldog is a breed with characteristically thick shoulders and a matching head. There are generally thick folds of skin on a bulldog's brow, followed by round, black, wide-set eyes, a short muzzle with characteristic folds called "rope" above the nose, with hanging skin under the neck, drooping lips, and pointed teeth. The coat is short, flat and sleek, with colors of red, fawn, white, brindle (mixed colors, often in waves or irregular stripes), and piebalds of these.

In the US, the size of a typical mature male is about 45 pounds and that for mature females is about 45 pounds for a Standard English Bulldog. In the United Kingdom, the breed standard is 55 pounds for a male and 50 pounds for a female.

While some canine breeds require their tails to be cut or docked soon after birth, bulldogs are one of very few breeds whose tail is naturally short and curled. A longer upright tail is a serious fault in a show bulldog.
[edit] Temperament

Despite their famous "sourpuss" expression, bulldogs are generally docile although can prove to be very fast movers over a short distance. They are friendly and gregarious but occasionally willful. The phrase "stubborn as a bulldog" is loosely rooted in fact. They rank 77th out of 79 in Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs, being of lowest degree working/obedience intelligence.

Breeders have worked to breed aggression out of the breed, and as such the dog is known to be of generally good temperament. Bulldogs can be so attached to home and family that they will not venture out of the yard without a human companion. Due to their friendly nature bulldogs are known for getting along well with children, other dogs and pets.

Health

Statistics from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals indicate that of the 467 Bulldogs tested between 1979 and 2009 (36 years), 73.9% were affected by hip dysplasia, the highest amongst all breeds. Similarly, the breed has the worst score in the British Veterinary Association/Kennel Club Hip Dysplasia scoring scheme, although only 22 Bulldogs were tested in the Scheme. Patellar luxation is another condition which affects 6.2% of Bulldogs.

Some individuals of this breed are prone to interdigital cysts, which are cysts that form between the toes. These cause the dog some discomfort, but are treatable either by vet or an experienced owner. They may also suffer from respiratory problems.

Other problems can include cherry eye, a protrusion of the inner eyelid (which can be corrected by a veterinarian), certain allergies, and hip issues in older bulldogs. Puppies are frequently delivered by Caesarean section because their characteristically large heads can become lodged in the mother's birth canal during natural birth. However, it is not entirely uncommon for a bulldog to whelp naturally and successfully. Over 80% of Bulldog litters are delivered by Caesarean section. The folds or "rope" on a Bulldogs face should be cleaned daily to avoid unwanted infections caused by moisture accumulation. Also, some bulldogs' naturally curling tails can be so tight to the body as to require regular cleaning and a bit of ointment.

Like all dogs, bulldogs require daily exercise. If not properly exercised it is possible for a bulldog to become overweight, which could lead to heart and lung problems, as well as joint issues.

Bulldogs are very sensitive to heat. Extra caution should be practiced in warmer climates and during summer months. Bulldogs must be given plenty of shade and water, and must be kept out of standing heat. Air conditioning and good ventilation is required to keep them healthy and safe. Bulldogs actually do most of their sweating through the pads on their feet. You will notice bulldogs really enjoy cool floors such as tile or cement. This helps keep them cool. Due to the airway obstruction problem bulldogs may have, like all "short-faced" breeds they can easily get overheated and even die from hyperthermia. They can be big snorters and heavy breathers due to this obstruction and also tend to be loud snorers. These are all issues that are easy to keep under control as long as you stay aware and protect your bulldog from these unsafe conditions.(EngBulldogs.com)

In January 2009, after the BBC documentary Pedigree Dogs Exposed, The Kennel Club introduced revised breed standards for the British Bulldog, along with 209 other breeds, to address health concerns. Opposed by the British Bulldog Breed Council, it was speculated by the press that the changes would lead to a smaller head, less skin folds, a longer muzzle, and a taller thinner posture, in order to combat perceived problems with respiration and with breeding due to head size and width of shoulders.

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Mckodq Tarih: 21.11.2008 13:54
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